Taped Problems Intervention Components: A Meta-Analysis
The taped problems (TP) intervention is a math fact fluency intervention designed to produce high rates of active and accurate academic responding. Multiple single-case design studies have examined the use of TP across grades of students, implementation group sizes, intervention settings, target math facts, total intervention time, application of reinforcement procedures, and inclusion of post-TP exercises as part of the intervention. This meta-analysis examines which TP components are related to greatest increases in math fact fluency. A total of 14 studies with 158 participants were included in the meta-analysis. Results support that TP is an effective intervention to increase math fact fluency, and significant moderators of TP effectiveness include intervention group size, setting, time in seconds in intervention, and the inclusion of reinforcement. Discussion focuses on implications of these findings for research and practice.
KeywordsTaped problems Meta-analysis Intervention Mathematics Single-case design
Compliance with Ethical Standards
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
Conflict of Interest
Kathleen B. Aspiranti declares that she has no conflict of interest.
Elizabeth McCallum declares that she has no conflict of interest.
Ara J. Schmitt declares that he has no conflict of interest.
*Denotes article included in meta-analysis
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