Effect of Sintering Process with Co3O4 on the Performance of LSCF-Based Cathodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
The impact of the sintering process, especially in terms of sintering temperature and sintering aid concentration, on the ohmic transport and electrode performance of (La0.80Sr0.20)0.95CoO3–δ–gadolinia-doped ceria (LSCF-GDC) cathodes is studied. The ohmic and charge-transfer kinetics exhibit a highly coupled Co3O4 concentration dependency, showing the best performances at an optimum range of 4–5 wt%. This is ascribed to small grain sizes and improved connection between particles. The addition of Co3O4 was also found to have a dominant impact on charge-transfer kinetics in the LSCF-GDC composite layer and a moderate impact on the electronic transport in the current-collecting LSCF layer. Care should be taken to avoid a formation of excessive thermal stresses between layers when adding Co3O4.
KeywordsSolid oxide fuel cell LSCF Cathode Sintering aid Cobalt oxide Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
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