Tribological Behavior of Carbon Based Coatings Adapted to Lubricant-Free Forming Conditions
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In conventional deep drawing lubricants are applied to achieve low friction and wear. However, most lubricants contain environmental harmful ingredients. Global trends like sustainability and efficient resource usage motivate the development of lubricant-free deep drawing. However, dry contact conditions lead to intensive interaction between tool and workpiece especially for aluminum alloys with high adhesion tendency towards tool steel. First investigations revealed promising results for diamond like carbon (DLC) coated tools in lubricant-free tests. Therefore, in this study the lubricant-free friction and wear behavior of DLC coatings is investigated in strip drawing tests. To ensure industrial-like conditions commonly used deep drawing steel with zinc coating and an aluminum alloy were selected as sheet material. The properties of DLC coatings were modified at different scales to attain tailored tribological conditions. A laser based heat treatment achieved an increase of sp2 hybridization and thus leads to increased friction. Different mechanical pre- and post-treatment strategies like polishing and brushing proved that a smooth tool surface is beneficial for the tribological conditions in dry contacts. With laser generated structures a modification of friction was realized with varying degree of coverage for DC04. In contact with AA5182 the application of structures is limited due to adhesion.
KeywordsCarbon based coatings Dry deep drawing Surface modification Tribology
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