Oropharyngeal Exercises for Treatment of Pediatric Obstructive Sleep-Disordered Breathing
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Purpose of Review
We reviewed and discussed studies on the role of oropharyngeal exercises in the treatment of children with obstructive sleep-disordered breathing (SDB).
There has been increasing recent evidence on the role of oropharyngeal exercises in the stepwise therapeutic approach in children with SDB.
An oropharyngeal evaluation, targeted to explore the presence of orofacial muscle hypotonia, should be part in the assessment of children with SDB, in order to recognize potential oropharyngeal characteristics to be treated.
Current literature demonstrates that oropharyngeal exercises help to treat oropharyngeal muscle dysfunction that persists following the standard treatment of SDB, and improve symptoms and polysomnographic sleep variables SDB related in pediatric population.
New studies to compare different oropharyngeal exercise programs and to evaluate the long-term effects of this therapeutic approach could contribute to the indication of oropharyngeal exercises for the treatment of obstructive SDB in children.
KeywordsObstructive sleep apnea Sleep-disordered breathing Children Myofunctional therapy Oropharyngeal exercises Orofacial exercise
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Villa Maria Pia and Evangelisti Melania each declare no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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