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Current Sleep Medicine Reports

, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp 196–201 | Cite as

Cerebrovascular Regulation and Sleep Apnea

  • Behrouz Jafari
Heart Disease and Sleep Disturbances (R Khayat, Section Editor)
  • 24 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Heart Disease and Sleep Disturbances

Abstract

Purpose of Review

The brain relies on a constant blood flow to match nutrient delivery with the local metabolic demands. Cerebral blood flow (CBF) autoregulation is particularly important under hypoxic conditions such as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) to prevent brain hypoxia. We aim to give a brief overview of cerebral blood flow regulation and evaluate the current evidence for cerebrovascular sensitivity to hypoxia, the capacity of cerebral arteries to respond to reduced oxygen supply during normal sleep and OSA.

Recent Findings

In clinical conditions such as intermittent hypoxia as well as untreated OSA, cerebrovascular system becomes less reactive to CO2 and impaired autoregulation, and makes the brain more susceptible to ischemic stroke.

Summary

Results from studies in patients with OSA indicate worse clinical outcome including higher chance of cerebrovascular events, impaired functional capacity and cognition. Early treatment of OSA with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), resulting in reversal of cerebral autoregulation.

Keywords

Obstructive sleep apnea Sleep disordered breathing Cerebral blood flow Stroke Cerebral autoregulation 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Behrouz Jafari declares no conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

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Copyright information

© This is a U.S. Government work and not under copyright protection in the US; foreign copyright protection may apply 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Section of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep MedicineUniversity of California-Irvine, School of MedicineIrvineUSA
  2. 2.VA Long Beach Healthcare SystemLong BeachUSA

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