Physical Activity for Fall and Fracture Prevention
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Purpose of review
The aim of this review is to provide healthcare professionals with evidence-based physical activity recommendations, and tips for implementing them in practice.
Individuals with osteoporosis should engage in a multicomponent exercise program that includes twice-weekly resistance training, balance exercises, and 150 min per week of moderate to vigorous intensity aerobic physical activity. There is strong evidence that exercise programs that include challenging balance exercises and include at least 3 h a week of exercise can prevent falls. Resistance training is encouraged to increase muscle strength and prevent bone loss.
Because of the strong evidence supporting challenging balance exercises for fall prevention, and multicomponent exercise programs that include resistance training for prevention of bone loss, aerobic physical activity should not be recommended to the exclusion of resistance and balance exercises. Examples and tips are provided to support exercise counseling.
KeywordsOsteoporosis Fall prevention Fracture Exercise Physical activity
Compliance with Ethics Guidelines
Conflict of Interest
Matteo Ponzano declares that he has no conflicts of interest.
Isabel B. Rodrigues declares that she has no conflicts of interest.
Lora M. Giangregorio declares that she has no conflicts of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
References and Recommended Reading
Recently published papers of particular interest have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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