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Theoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology

, Volume 30, Issue 4, pp 335–345 | Cite as

Exogenous application of gibberellic acid participates in up-regulation of lipid biosynthesis under salt stress in rice

  • Xiaoxiao Liu
  • Xinyue Wang
  • Lina Yin
  • Xiping Deng
  • Shiwen Wang
Article
  • 21 Downloads

Abstract

Alterations in membrane lipid composition lead to improved plant salt tolerance. Gibberellic acid (GA3) has also been widely reported to reduce growth inhibition induced by increased salinity. However, little is known about whether exogenous application of GA3 participates in up-regulation of lipid biosynthesis under salt stress. In this study, one of the major lipid biosynthesis genes in rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. Nipponbare), monogalactosyldiacylglycerol synthase (OsMGD) was found to be significantly up-regulated by GA3 treatment. Lipid analysis showed that after salt disturbance, the concentrations of all the measured lipids, including monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG), digalactosyldiacylglycerol (DGDG) and phospholipid lipids + sulfoquinovosyl diacylglycerol (PL + SQDG) were decreased significantly. However, GA3 treatment prior to salt disturbance caused those lipids to remain at high levels, as well as preserving a high DGDG/MGDG ratio. The desaturation of DGDG (DBI) was also increased in GA3 pre-treatment plants as compared with no GA3 pre-treatment, primarily due to a decrease of 16:0 fatty acids and an increase of 18:3 fatty acids in DGDG. Plants pre-treated with GA3 prior to salt disturbance had higher dry weights than those without pre-treatment. The chlorophyll concentration was also higher in GA3 treated plants than in untreated plants under salt disturbance. Taken together, these results indicate that exogenous application of GA3 participates in up-regulation of chloroplast lipid biosynthesis under salt disturbance in rice.

Keywords

Chloroplast membrane lipids Fatty acids Gibberellic acid Salt stress Rice 

Abbreviations

GA3

Gibberellic acid

MGD

Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol synthase

MGDG

Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol

DGDG

Digalactosyldiacylglycerol

PL

Phospholipid lipids

SQDG

Sulfoquinovosyl diacylglycerol

DBI

Double bond index

PG

Phosphatidylglycerol

ABA

Abscisic acid

MeJA

Methyl jasmonate

TLC

Thin Layer Chromatography

FAME

Fatty acyl methylester

FID

Flame ionization detector

LHCII

Light-harvesting chlorophyll complex II

PSII

Photosystem II

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the “Youth Elite Project” and “Young Faculty Study Abroad Program” of Northwest A&F University, the Youth Innovation Promotion Association of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [No. 2015389], the West Light Foundation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the Project of Youth Science and Technology New Star in Shaanxi Province [2016KJXX-66].

Author contributions

LY planned the experiments and prepared the manuscript. XL and XW conducted the experiments, collected and analyzed the data and prepared a draft of the manuscript. XD and SW helped in drafting the manuscript and interpreting the results.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

40626_2018_129_MOESM1_ESM.docx (30 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 29 kb)

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Copyright information

© Brazilian Society of Plant Physiology 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaoxiao Liu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Xinyue Wang
    • 2
  • Lina Yin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiping Deng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shiwen Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau, Institute of Soil and Water ConservationNorthwest A&F UniversityYanglingChina
  2. 2.Institute of Soil and Water ConservationChinese Academy of Science and Ministry of Water ResourceYanglingChina
  3. 3.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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