Pituitary disorders as wonders and curiosity in XVI Century

  • F. TrimarchiEmail author
  • E. Martino
  • L. Bartalena


Pituitary disorders Gigantism Pituitary dwarfism Kunsthistorisches Museum 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author declares no competing interests.

Ethical approval

This paper does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by the authors.

Informed consent

No informed consent.


  1. 1.
    Trimarchi F (2018) Joseph Boruwlaski: the last court dwarf of the History. J Endocrinol Invest 41(11):1357–1358. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Trimarchi F (2018) Daniel Lambert, a protagonist of real life with monstrous obesity in eighteenth century in England. J Endocrinol Invest 41(10):1247–1248. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Trimarchi F (2019) Goliath as an acromegalic giant by Giovanni Lanfranco (1582–1647). J Endocrinol Invest 42(1):101–102. (Epub 2018 May 23, PubMed PMID: 29796798) CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Trimarchi F, Martino E, Bartalena L (2019) Acromegaly in digital art. J Endocrinol Invest. (Epub ahead of print) CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Italian Society of Endocrinology (SIE) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Accademia Peloritana dei PericolantiUniversity of MessinaMessinaItaly
  2. 2.University of PisaPisaItaly
  3. 3.Endocrine Unit, Department of Medicine and SurgeryUniversity of InsubriaVareseItaly

Personalised recommendations