Interview-Informed Synthesized Contingency Analysis (IISCA): Novel Interpretations and Future Directions

  • Amanda L. Coffey
  • Lesley A. ShawlerEmail author
  • Joshua Jessel
  • Maggie L. Nye
  • Taylor A. Bain
  • Michael F. Dorsey
Discussion and Review Paper


The functional analysis (FA) methodology was developed to provide an empirical basis for understanding the reinforcers contributing to the maintenance of problem behavior. Previous research has demonstrated that multiple formats have been established to address some areas, such as practicality, efficiency, and safety. We reviewed the research on a new replication and extension of the standard FA format, the interview-informed synthesized contingency analysis (IISCA) and its subsequent treatment. We discuss the efficiency and effectiveness of the IISCA across various populations, settings, topographies of problem behaviors, and maintaining functions across 17 studies. Common treatment trends, novel developments, and other critical intervention components are also reviewed. We provide suggestions for future directions and guidelines for practitioners when considering the use of the IISCA.


Functional analysis Function-based treatment IISCA Synthesized contingencies 


Author Note

The authors would like to thank Mary Jane Weiss and Sarah Frampton for their critical feedback and insight on previous versions of this manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


*References marked with an asterisk indicate studies included in the review.

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Copyright information

© Association for Behavior Analysis International 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amanda L. Coffey
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lesley A. Shawler
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Joshua Jessel
    • 3
  • Maggie L. Nye
    • 2
  • Taylor A. Bain
    • 2
  • Michael F. Dorsey
    • 4
  1. 1.Endicott CollegeBeverlyUSA
  2. 2.Behavior Network, Inc.McKinneyUSA
  3. 3.Queens CollegeFlushingUSA
  4. 4.Amego, Inc.AttleboroUSA

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