The Analysis of Verbal Behavior

, Volume 35, Issue 2, pp 235–244 | Cite as

The Duplic and Codic: the Importance of a Consistent Taxonomy of Verbal Behavior

  • Bryan J. BlairEmail author
  • Jesslyn N. Farros


Behavior analysts operationally define relations among environmental stimuli and behavior both functionally and topographically, and an insistence on objectivity, precision, reliability, and accuracy for technical descriptions and definitions is a unique and defining characteristic of the field. However, occasionally, technical terms are inconsistently used by behavior-analytic educators, researchers, and practitioners, and these inconsistencies should be addressed. Because they can pose conceptual and practical issues if not fixed, terminological inconsistencies are not merely inconveniences. In the current paper, we identified and explained terminological inconsistencies with the usage of the term transcription in published behavior-analytic textbooks, manuals, and other reference materials. In addition, we revisited previous analyses and recommendations and restated the need for clarity in a verbal operant taxonomy, particularly for instructors, trainers, and authors of future textbooks, trainings, and manuals.


Verbal behavior Transcription Codic Duplic 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Ethical Approval

This research did not involve human participants and/or animals.


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Copyright information

© Association for Behavior Analysis International 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Long Island University, BrooklynBrooklynUSA
  2. 2.Library Learning CenterBrooklynUSA
  3. 3.Endicott CollegeBeverlyUSA

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