Successfully Recruiting Black and Hispanic/Latino Adolescents for Sexually Transmitted Infection and HIV Prevention Research
Disparities in rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV between Black/African American and Hispanic/Latino adolescents and their white counterparts are well documented. Researchers may encounter notable challenges recruiting Black/African American and Hispanic/Latino adolescents for sexual risk reduction studies. In this article, we present information to assist with planning, implementing, and evaluating recruitment and retention strategies. We also provide practical examples of challenges and solutions from three STI/HIV epidemiologic or prevention intervention studies with different study purposes and populations. Researchers can use this information to aid proposal development, create or refine a recruitment/retention protocol before implementation, and troubleshoot challenges during implementation.
KeywordsAdolescent research Recruit Black/African American Hispanic/Latino Sexually transmitted infections HIV/AIDS
The authors would like to thank the participating organizations, community members, adolescents, and study staff members for their contributions to the success of the research studies.
Two authors were awarded CDC Minority AIDS Research Initiative grants to conduct studies described in this article (Y. Lanier, U01PS005121; B. Brawner, U01PS003304). E. Bradley was supported by an Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education postdoctoral research fellowship.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Participants provided informed consent (or assent, if minors) prior to enrolling in the study.
The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
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