Successfully Recruiting Black and Hispanic/Latino Adolescents for Sexually Transmitted Infection and HIV Prevention Research

  • Erin L. P. BradleyEmail author
  • Yzette Lanier
  • Afekwo M. Ukuku Miller
  • Bridgette M. Brawner
  • Madeline Y. Sutton


Disparities in rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV between Black/African American and Hispanic/Latino adolescents and their white counterparts are well documented. Researchers may encounter notable challenges recruiting Black/African American and Hispanic/Latino adolescents for sexual risk reduction studies. In this article, we present information to assist with planning, implementing, and evaluating recruitment and retention strategies. We also provide practical examples of challenges and solutions from three STI/HIV epidemiologic or prevention intervention studies with different study purposes and populations. Researchers can use this information to aid proposal development, create or refine a recruitment/retention protocol before implementation, and troubleshoot challenges during implementation.


Adolescent research Recruit Black/African American Hispanic/Latino Sexually transmitted infections HIV/AIDS 



The authors would like to thank the participating organizations, community members, adolescents, and study staff members for their contributions to the success of the research studies.


Two authors were awarded CDC Minority AIDS Research Initiative grants to conduct studies described in this article (Y. Lanier, U01PS005121; B. Brawner, U01PS003304). E. Bradley was supported by an Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education postdoctoral research fellowship.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Participants provided informed consent (or assent, if minors) prior to enrolling in the study.


The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).


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Copyright information

© This is a U.S. government work and its text is not subject to copyright protection in the United States; however, its text may be subject to foreign copyright protection  2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centers for Disease Control and PreventionDivision of HIV/AIDS PreventionAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.New York University Rory Meyers College of NursingNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Department of Health Promotion and Physical EducationKennesaw State UniversityKennesawUSA
  4. 4.Department of Family and Community HealthUniversity of Pennsylvania School of NursingPhiladelphiaUSA
  5. 5.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyMorehouse School of MedicineAtlantaUSA

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