Ethnic Groups and Father’s Job Influencing Nutritional Status of Children (0–30 months) from Myanmar Migrant Community in Southern Thailand

  • Sann Wai Wai LwinEmail author
  • Alan F. Geater



Thailand has millions of migrants working in different sectors of industries. Pattani is a deep southern provincial city having thousands of Myanmar migrants working in fishery-related jobs. Children from those migrant families are vulnerable and lack from proper care and raising by their parents.


The aim of the study is to describe the nutritional status of Myanmar migrant children and identify conditions which are responsible for undernutrition in that community.

Methods and Study Design

A cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2016 to April 2017 among mothers and children under 2.5 years of age in that community. A total number of 100 children were involved in statistical analysis after excluding 2 comorbid children. Nutritional status of migrant children was classified by WHO Anthro version 3.2.2.


Prevalence of abnormal nutritional status was reported by (19.6%) stunted, (10.8%) underweight, and (7.8%) wasted. Other ethnic children rather than Mon and Dawei were more likely to be stunted (p < 0.007). Being occupied by a fisherman father was significantly associated with stunting (p < 0.005).


To improve feeding practices in infant and young children, a migrant-friendly health education program should be launched and evaluated in this community.


Myanmar migrant children Nutritional status Feeding practices Fisherman father 



The authors wish to acknowledge Professor Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong for his helpful advice in this study and express their gratitude to the key informants for their active support and information and their heartfelt thanks to all the migrant families for their patient participation in the study. Pyae Phyo Kyaw provided much assistance with data collection.

Authors’ Contributions

The corresponding author designed the study, conducted the data collection process, data management, statistical analysis, and interpreted the data, and prepared the manuscript. Another author (AG) provided close supervision in all aspects of study, supported technical advice, and guided the manuscript preparation. All authors have reviewed the submitted manuscript and approve the manuscript for submission.


This study is part of a thesis by SWWL for fulfillment of the Master of Science in Epidemiology Course at the Prince of Songkla University. This study was financially supported by The Graduate School, Prince of Songkla University through Thailand’s Education Hub for Southern Region of ASEAN Countries (TEH-AC).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

After being approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Thailand (document no. 59-306-18-5), the main community-based cross-sectional study containing two major components was conducted.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© W. Montague Cobb-NMA Health Institute 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Epidemiology Unit, Faculty of MedicinePrince of Songkla UniversityHatyaiThailand

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