Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 220–229 | Cite as

Fruit and Vegetable Intake of US Hispanics by Food Store Type: Findings from NHANES

  • Jennifer C Sanchez-FlackEmail author
  • Cheryl A. M. Anderson
  • Elva M. Arredondo
  • George Belch
  • Maria Elena Martinez
  • Guadalupe X. Ayala


This study examined fruit and vegetable intake by food store type shopped among US Hispanics. Using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011–2012 data, T test and chi-square tests examined differences between Hispanic consumers by food store type. Negative binomial regression analyses estimated associations between fruit and vegetable intake and food store type. Hispanics who only purchased fruits and vegetables from convenience stores were younger and more likely US born. They reported lower intakes of fruit and vegetables than individuals who purchased these foods from supermarket/grocery stores. Those who primarily purchased fruits and vegetables from supermarkets/grocery stores consumed 0.92 (p < .001) greater fruit cup equivalents and 0.26 (p = .001) greater vegetable cup equivalents than those who only purchased from convenience stores. Research on the influence of shopping in multiple food store types is needed to develop targeted in-store intervention strategies to encourage healthier food purchases. Results provide support for policy-level research such as minimum stocking requirements for healthy foods in convenience stores.


Hispanic health Dietary behaviors Food purchasing Retail food environmentᅟ Food store type Fruit and vegetableᅟintake 


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Copyright information

© W. Montague Cobb-NMA Health Institute 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Health and WellnessUniversity of North Carolina AshevilleAshevilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Family Medicine and Public HealthUniversity of California, San DiegoLa JollaUSA
  3. 3.Graduate School of Public Health and the Institute for Behavioral and Community HealthSan Diego State UniversitySan DiegoUSA
  4. 4.Marketing Department, Fowler College of BusinessSan Diego State UniversitySan DiegoUSA

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