A Review of SAFMEDS: Evidence for Procedures, Outcomes and Directions for Future Research
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SAFMEDS is an assessment and instructional strategy pioneered in the late 1970s by Ogden Lindsley. SAFMEDS was developed as an extension and improvement of flashcards. The aims of this article are to provide an overview of the literature related to SAFMEDS and to identify further research needs. The results of this review suggest that a great deal of research is still needed to clarify the SAFMEDS procedures and the benefits of SAFMEDS over traditional instruction. These conclusions are in line with broader criticisms of fluency-based instruction.
KeywordsSAFMEDS Flashcards Fluency Precision teaching
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Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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Appendix A: Additional SAFMEDS References not Included in the Review
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