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Implementation of a Longitudinal Mentorship Program for Quality of Life, Mental Health, and Motivation of Brazilian Medical Students

  • Laura de Souza Bechara Secchin
  • Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel
  • Luciano Magalhães Vitorino
  • Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti
  • Giancarlo LucchettiEmail author
In Brief Report

Abstract

Objectives

Mentoring has been used as a strategy for mental health prevention and the promotion of quality of life in medical students, with mixed results. The aim of this study was to compare the levels of mental health, quality of life, and academic motivation of medical students after implementation of a longitudinal curricular mentoring program relative to those students without mentoring in their curricula.

Method

The results of the mentoring program were assessed by comparing two classes of 2nd-year students of a school of medicine (one that had received mentoring since admission and another which had no exposure to the method during the course). Self-report questionnaires were used to collect data on sociodemographics, quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF), mental health (DASS-21), and academic motivation (Academic Motivation Scale-AMS).

Results

A total of 95 medical students were included: 55 received the mentoring program and 40 did not receive the program. The Multivariate GLM regression model revealed no significant main effect of mentoring on domains of the WHOQOL-BREF (Wilks’s Lambda = 0.938, F = 1.427, p < 0.232); the DASS-21 (Wilks’s Lambda = 0.051, p < 0.985); or the AMS (Wilks’s Lambda = 0.957, F = 0.628, p < 0.708). Likewise, the Univariate GLM regression showed no significant main effect of mentoring on medical students’ perceived health (F = 0.585; d.f. = 1; p = 0.446).

Conclusion

Mentoring promoted no significant changes in the students of this Brazilian institution. These results highlight the challenges faced in structuring, maintaining, and assessing an effective mentoring program for students on medicine courses.

Keywords

Medical education Medical students Mentoring Depression Quality of life 

Notes

Acknowledgments

None

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Considerations

The present study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the School of Medicine of the SUPREMA—Faculdade de Ciências Médicas de Juiz de Fora under number 62669216.5.0000.5103 and all students signed a Consent Form.

Disclosure

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Academic Psychiatry 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculdade de Ciências Médicas de Juiz de Fora (SUPREMA)Juiz de ForaBrazil
  2. 2.School of MedicineFederal University of Juiz de ForaJuiz de ForaBrazil

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