Transparency in Residency Education: Nominating Residents for Fellowships and Awards

  • Deborah L. CabanissEmail author
  • Michael Devlin
  • James I. Rim
Feature: Letter to the Editor

To the Editor:

In methods of job promotion, transparency has been defined as “the degree of information about criteria given to candidates about decision making” ([1], p. 395). Transparency has been associated with increased job satisfaction in a variety of health care settings, including among a large group of residents [2], medical school faculty [3], and nurses [4]. In a study concerning methods of job promotion in various private sector organizations, transparency was positively associated with perceptions of procedural justice and job satisfaction [1]. Furthermore, transparency has been conceptualized as an important component of authentic leadership, which improves employee job satisfaction as well as productivity and function [5].

It stands to reason that increasing transparency should be a goal for administration in a psychiatry residency program, especially when selecting residents for awards and honors. For years, our program was plagued by dissatisfaction surrounding the way...


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Considerations

The Institutional Review Board of the New York State Psychiatric Institute reviewed this study (NYSPI IRB project number 7723) and determined that it did not meet the definition of human subject research.


On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


  1. 1.
    Garcia-Izquierdo AL, Moscoso S, Ramos-Villagrasa PJ. Reactions to the fairness of promotion methods: procedural justice and job satisfaction. Int J Sel Assess. 2012;20(4):394–403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Laubach W, Fischbeck S. Job satisfaction and the work situation of physicians: a survey at a German University hospital. Int J Public Health. 2007;52:54–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bunton SA, Corrice AM, Pollart SM, Novielli KD, Williams VN, Morrison LA, et al. Predictors of workplace satisfaction for U.S. Medical School Faculty in an era of change and challenge. Acad Med. 2012;87(5):574–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wong CA, Laschinger HKS. Authentic leadership, performance, and job satisfaction: the mediating role of empowerment. J Adv Nurs. 2013;69(4):947–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Avolio BJ, Walumbwa FO, Weber TJ. Leadership: current theories, research, and future directions. Annu Rev Psychol. 2009;60:421–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Caravella R, Robinson LA, Wilets I, Weinberg M, Cabaniss DL, Cutler J, et al. A qualitative study of factors affecting morale in psychiatry residency training. Acad Psychiatry. 2016;40:776–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Academic Psychiatry 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.New York State Psychiatric InstituteNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations