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Journal of Fetal Medicine

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 133–137 | Cite as

Prenatal Diagnosis of Atretic Occipital Cephalocele: A Case Report

  • Çiğdem Kunt İşgüderEmail author
  • Özlem Koşar Can
  • Mine Kanat Pektaş
  • Erkan Gökçe
Original Article
  • 25 Downloads

Abstract

Atretic cephaloceles refer to the congenital herniation of meningeal and vestigial tissues such as arachnoid, glial or neural rests. These small, skin covered subscalp lesions usually appear within a few centimetres of the lambda and nearly half of them have a parietal situation, the remaining half have occipital, parieto-occipital, frontal, asterion, and sincipital locations. Atretic cephaloceles can be isolated or associated with congenital syndromes, agenesis of corpus callosum, grey matter heterotopias, ventriculomegaly, mental retardation, developmental delay, epilepsy, spasticity, speech difficulty, strabismus, optic nerve atrophy, microphthalmia, enophthalmos, cleft palate, hypertelorism, congenital cardiac and vascular defects, renal agenesis, hearing problems, congenital lobar emphysema, and muscular anomalies. This case report describes a newborn which has been diagnosed with atretic occipital cephalocele prenatally and also bilateral cochlear hypoplasia postnatally.

Keywords

Atretic cephalocele Cochlear hypoplasia Occipital 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Society of Fetal Medicine 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faulty of Medicine IstanbulIstanbul UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of MedicinePamukkale UniversityDenizliTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of MedicineAfyonkarahisar University of Health SciencesAfyonkarahisarTurkey
  4. 4.Department of Radiology, Faculty of MedicineGaziosmanpaşa UniversityTokatTurkey

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