Advertisement

Friction

pp 1–14 | Cite as

Effective sugar-derived organic gelator for three different types of lubricant oils to improve tribological performance

  • Ruochong Zhang
  • Xuqing Liu
  • Zhiguang Guo
  • Meirong CaiEmail author
  • Lei ShiEmail author
Open Access
Research Article
  • 31 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, the gelling ability and lubrication performance of N-octadecyl-D-gluconamides (NOG) in liquid paraffin (LP), pentaerythritol oleate (PE-OA), and polyethylene glycol (PEG) oils were systemically investigated. The NOG, which could gelate the investigated oils, was successfully synthesized by a one-step method. The prepared gel lubricants were completely thermoreversible and exhibited improved thermal stability, according to the thermogravimetry analysis (TGA) reports. Rheological tests confirmed that the NOG gelator could effectively regulate the rheological behavior of the base oils. Tribological evaluation suggested that NOG, as an additive in the three types of base oils, could remarkably reduce the friction and wear in steel contacts. A plausible mechanism for the improved performances was proposed based on the mechanical strength of the gels and the formation of the boundary-lubricating film on the worn surface. The results indicated that NOG is a potential gelator for preparing gel lubricants with excellent tribological properties and environment-friendly characteristics.

Keywords

gel lubricant supermolecular assembly rheological property tribological performance lubricating mechanism 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful for the financial support from the National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2018YFB0703802), National Natural Sdence Foundation of China (Nos. 51405477, 21972153, and 51675512), Youth Innovation Promotion Association of CAS (No. 2018454), and the Gansu province science and technology plan (No. 18ZD2WA011).

Supplementary material

40544_2019_316_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (701 kb)
Effective sugar-derived organic gelator for three different types of lubricant oils to improve tribological performance

References

  1. [1]
    Holmberg K, Andersson P, Erdemir A. Global energy consumption due to friction in passenger cars. Tribol Int 47: 221–234 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Zhou F, Liang Y, Liu W. Ionic liquid lubricants: Designed chemistry for engineering applications. Chem Soc Rev 38(38): 2590–2599 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Klein J. Hydration lubrication. Friction 1(1): 1–23 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Canbulut F, Sinanoglu C, Yildirim S. Neural network analysis of leakage oil quantity in the design of partially hydrostatic slipper bearings. IndLubr Tribol 56(56): 231–243 (2004)Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Fan X, Xia Y, Wang L. Tribological properties of conductive lubricating greases. Friction 2(2): 343–353 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Lugt P M. A review on grease lubrication in rolling bearings. Tribol T 52(52): 470–480 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Cai M, Liang Y, Zhou F, Liu W. Functional ionic gels formed by supramolecular assembly of a novel low molecular weight anticorrosive/antioxidative gelator. J Mater Chem 21(21): 13399–13405(2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Cai M, Liang Y, Zhou F, Liu W. Tribological properties of novel imidazolium ionic liquids bearing benzotriazole group as the antiwear/anticorrosion additive in poly (ethylene glycol) and polyurea grease for steel/steel contacts. ACS Appl Mater Inter 3(12): 4580–4592 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Gabriele A, Spyropoulos F, Norton I. A conceptual model for fluid gel lubrication. Soft Matter 6(6): 4205–4213 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Zhang Z, Liu J, Wu T, Xie Y. Effect of carbon nanotubes on friction and wear of a piston ring and cylinder liner system under dry and lubricated conditions. Friction 5(5): 147–154 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Takahashi K, Shitara Y, Kaimai T, Kanno A, Mori S. Lubricating properties of TR gel-lube—Influence of chemical structure and content of gel agent. Tribol Int 43(43): 1577–1583 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Yu Q, Huang G, Cai M, Zhou F, Liu W. In situ zwitterionic supramolecular gel lubricants for significantly improved tribological properties. Tribol Int 95: 55–65 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Yu Q, Li D, Cai M, Zhou F, Liu W. Supramolecular gel lubricants based on amino acid derivative gelators. Tribol Lett 61(61): 16 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Huang G, Yu Q, Cai M, Zhou F, Liu W. Highlighting the effect of interfacial interaction on tribological properties of supramolecular gel lubricants. Adv Mater Interfaces 3(3): 1500489(2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Li K, Wang X, Shan L, Jin Q, Niu X, Liu Y Synthesis of pentaerythritol oleate. China Oils and Fats 12: 016 (2007)Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    Mehltretter C, Furry M, Mellies R, Rankin J. Surfactants and detergents from sulfated N-alkyl-gluconamides. J Am Oil Chem Soc 29(29): 202–207 (1952)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Yoza K, Amanokura N, Ono Y, Akao T, Shinmori H, Takeuchi M, Shinkai S and Reinhoudt D. Sugar-integrated gelators of organic solvents-their remarkable diversity in gelation ability and aggregate structure. Chem Weinheim Eur J 5: 2722–2729 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Hanabusa K, Fukui H, Suzuki M, Shirai H. Specialist gelator for ionic liquids. Langmuir 21(21): 10383–10390 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    Graener H, Ye T, Laubereau A. Ultrafast dynamics of hydrogen bonds directly observed by time-resolved infrared spectroscopy. J Chem Phys 90(90): 3413–3416 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Teo L, Chen C, Kuo J. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy study on effects of temperature on hydrogen bonding in amine-containing polyurethanes and poly(urethane-urea)s. Macromolecules 30(30): 1793–1799 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    Ilanko A K, Vijayaraghavan S. Wear behavior of asbestos-free eco-friendly composites for automobile brake materials. Friction 4(4): 144–152 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    Cartigueyen S, Mahadevan K. Wear characteristics of copper-based surface-level microcomposites and nano-composites prepared by friction stir processing. Friction 4(4): 39–49 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    Espinosa T, Jimenez M, Sanes J, Jimenez A, Iglesias M and Bermudez M. Ultra-low friction with a protic ionic liquid boundary film at the water-lubricated sapphire-stainless steel interface. Tribol Lett 53(53): 1–9 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    Martin J, Matta C, Bouchet M, Forest C, Mogne T, Dubois T and Mazarin M. Mechanism of friction reduction of unsaturated fatty acids as additives in diesel fuels. Friction 1(1): 252–258 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    Han Y, Qiao D, Guo Y, Feng D, Shi L. Influence of competitive adsorption on lubricating property of phosphonate ionic liquid additives in PEG. Tribol Lett 64(64): 22 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    Yang G, Zhao J, Cui L, Song S, Zhang S, Yu L, Zhang P. Tribological characteristic and mechanism analysis of borate ester as a lubricant additive in different base oils. RSC Adv 7(7): 7944–7953 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    Xia Y, Xu X, Feng X, Chen G. Leaf-surface wax of desert plants as a potential lubricant additive. Friction 3(3): 208–213(2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    Song Z, Liang Y, Fan M, Zhou F, Liu W. Lithium-based ionic liquids as novel lubricant additives for multiply alkylated cyclopentanes (MACs). Friction 1(1): 222–231 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    NIST X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) database. http://srdata.nist.gov/xps/.
  30. [30]
    Lu Q, Wang H, Ye C, Liu W, Xue Q. Room temperatureionic liquid l-ethyl-3-hexylimidazolium-bis (trifluorome-thylsulfonyl)-imide as lubricant for steel-steel contact. Tribol Int 37(37): 547–552(2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    Otero I, López E R, Reichelt M, Fernández J. Tribo- chemical reactions of anion in pyrrolidinium salts for steel-steel contact. Tribol Int 77: 160–170 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.

The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecomm-ons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesLanzhouChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.School of MaterialsUniversity of ManchesterManchesterUK
  4. 4.Hubei Collaborative Innovation Centre for Advanced Organic Chemical Materials and Key Laboratory for the Green Preparation and Application of Functional Materials (Ministry of Education)Hubei UniversityWuhanChina

Personalised recommendations