Advertisement

Friction

pp 1–12 | Cite as

Tribological properties of spherical and mesoporous NiAl particles as ionic liquid additives

  • Yao Yao
  • Yi Xu
  • Xiaoqiang FanEmail author
  • Minhao Zhu
  • Guangfei Liu
Open Access
Research Article
  • 38 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, spherical and mesoporous NiAl particles (abbreviated as sNiAl and mNiAl) were introduced as lubricant additives into two alkyl-imidazolium ionic liquids (ILs) (1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (LB104) and 1-butyl-3-methyl imidazolium hexafluorophosphate (LP104)) to explore their tribological properties. The sNiAl and mNiAl particles were modified in-situ by anion and cation moieties of ILs through chemical interaction, thereby enhancing their dispersibility and stability in ILs. The mNiAl particles have better dispersibility than the sNiAl ones in ILs because of high specific surface area. LP104-modified sNiAl particles show better friction reduction and wear resistance, mainly relying on the synergy of the hybrid lubricant. These particles form a protective layer that prevents friction pairs from straight asperity contact and improves the tribological behaviors.

Keywords

ionic liquids alloy particles spherical and mesoporous structure tribological properties 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51705435 and No. 51627806), key project of Sichuan Department of Science and Technology (No. 2018JZ0048) and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2018GF05).

References

  1. [1]
    Cai M R, Guo R S, Zhou F, Liu W M. Lubricating a bright future: Lubrication contribution to energy saving and low carbon emission. Sci China Technol Sci 56(12): 2888–2913 (2013)Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Ali M K A, Hou X J. Improving the tribological behavior of internal combustion engines via the addition of nanoparticles to engine oils. Nanotechnol Rev 4(4): 347–358 (2015)Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Ohno N, Mia S, Morita S, Obara S. Friction and wear characteristics of advanced space lubricants. Tribol Trans 53(2): 249–255 (2010)Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Fan X Q, Xue Q J, Wang L P. Carbon-based solid-liquid lubricating coatings for space applications-a review. Friction 3(3): 191–207 (2015)Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Bech J, Bay N, Eriksen M. Entrapment and escape of liquid lubricant in metal forming. Wear 232(2): 134–139 (1999)Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    Rapoport L, Fleischer N, Tenne R. Fullerene-like WS2 nanoparticles: Superior lubricants for harsh conditions. Adv Mater 15 (7–8): 651–655 (2003)Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Jiménez A E, Bermúdez M D, Iglesias P, Carrión F J, Martínez-Nicolás G. 1-N-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium ionic liquids as neat lubricants and lubricant additives in steel–aluminium contacts. Wear 260(7–8): 766–782 (2006)Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Mortier R M, Fox M F, Orszulik S T. Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants. Dordrecht (Germany): Springer, 2010.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Li Y, Wong C P. Recent advances of conductive adhesives as a lead-free alternative in electronic packaging: Materials, processing, reliability and applications. Mater Sci Eng R Rep 51(1–3): 1–35 (2006)Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Ye C F, Liu W M, Chen Y X, Yu L G. Room-temperature ionic liquids: A novel versatile lubricant. Chem Commun (21): 2244–2245 (2001)Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Zhou F, Liang Y M, Liu W M. Ionic liquid lubricants: Designed chemistry for engineering applications. Chem Soc Rev 38(9): 2590–2599 (2009)Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    Somers A E, Howlett P C, MacFarlane D R, Forsyth M. A review of ionic liquid lubricants. Lubricants 1(1): 3–21 (2013)Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    Earle M J, Seddon K R. Ionic liquids. Green solvents for the future. Pure Appl Chem 72(7): 1391–1398 (2000)Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    Freire M G, Carvalho P J, Fernandes A M, Marrucho I M, Queimada A J, Coutinho J A P. Surface tensions of imidazolium based ionic liquids: Anion, cation, temperature and water effect. J Colloid Interface Sci 314(2): 621–630 (2007)Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    Mu Z G, Zhou F, Zhang S X, Liang Y M, Liu W M. Effect of the functional groups in ionic liquid molecules on the friction and wear behavior of aluminum alloy in lubricated aluminum-on-steel contact. Tribol Int 38(8): 725–731 (2005)Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    Cai M R, Liang Y M, Yao M H, Xia Y Q, Zhou F, Liu W M. Imidazolium ionic liquids as antiwear and antioxidant additive in poly(ethylene glycol) for steel/steel contacts. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2(3): 870–876 (2010)Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    Battez A H, González R, Viesca J L, Blanco D, Asedegbega E, Osorio A. Tribological behaviour of two imidazolium ionic liquids as lubricant additives for steel/steel contacts. Wear 266(11–12): 1224–1228 (2009)Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    Jiménez A E, Bermúdez M D. Imidazolium ionic liquids as additives of the synthetic ester propylene glycol dioleate in aluminium–steel lubrication. Wear 265(5–6): 787–798 (2008)Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    Liu X Q, Zhou F, Liang Y M, Liu W M. Tribological performance of phosphonium based ionic liquids for an aluminum-on-steel system and opinions on lubrication mechanism. Wear 261(10): 1174–1179 (2006)Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    Jiménez A E, Bermúdez M D. Ionic liquids as lubricants for steel-aluminum contacts at low and elevated temperatures. Tribol Lett 26(1): 53–60 (2007)Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    Yao M H, Liang Y M, Xia Y Q, Zhou F, Liu X Q. Hightemperature tribological properties of 2-substituted imidazolium ionic liquids for Si3N4-steel contacts. Tribol Lett 32(2): 73–79 (2008)Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    Xia Y Q, Sasaki S, Murakami T, Nakano M, Shi L, Wang H Z. Ionic liquid lubrication of electrodeposited nickel-Si3N4 composite coatings. Wear 262(7–8): 765–771 (2007)Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    Feng X, Xia Y Q. Tribological properties of Ti-doped DLC coatings under ionic liquids lubricated conditions. Appl Surf Sci 258(7): 2433–2438 (2012)Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    Bermúdez M D, Jiménez A E, Martínez-Nicolás G. Study of surface interactions of ionic liquids with aluminium alloys in corrosion and erosion–corrosion processes. Appl Surf Sci 253(17): 7295–7302 (2007)Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    Fan X Q, Wang L P. Ionic liquids gels with in situ modified multiwall carbon nanotubes towards high-performance lubricants. Tribol Int 88: 179–188 (2015)Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    Fan X Q, Wang L P. High-performance lubricant additives based on modified graphene oxide by ionic liquids. J Colloid Interface Sci 452: 98–108 (2015)Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    Hamrock B J, Schmid S R, Jacobson B O. Fundamentals of Fluid Film Lubrication. 2nd ed. New York (USA): CRC Press, 2004.Google Scholar
  28. [28]
    Eguchi M, Yamamoto T. Shear characteristics of a boundary film for a paper-based wet friction material: Friction and real contact area measurement. Tribol Int 38(3): 327–335 (2005)Google Scholar
  29. [29]
    Tarasov S, Kolubaev A, Belyaev S, Lerner M, Tepper F. Study of friction reduction by nanocopper additives to motor oil. Wear 252(1–2): 63–69 (2002)Google Scholar
  30. [30]
    Chen J, Cheng J, Li F, Zhu S Y, Li W S, Yang J, Liu W M. Tribological study on a novel wear-resistant AlMgB14-Si composite. Ceram Int 43(15): 12362–12371 (2017)Google Scholar
  31. [31]
    Luo M D, Li Z H, Zhu Y M. Effect of CuO-TiO2-SiO2 additions on the sintering behavior and mechanical properties of corundum abrasive synthesized through sol-gel method. Ceram Int 39(2): 1827–1833 (2013)Google Scholar
  32. [32]
    Nandiyanto A B D, Okuyama K. Progress in developing spray-drying methods for the production of controlled morphology particles: From the nanometer to submicrometer size ranges. Adv Powder Technol 22(1): 1–19 (2011)Google Scholar
  33. [33]
    Kim K S, Shin B K, Lee H, Ziegler F. Refractive index and heat capacity of 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate, and vapor pressure of binary systems for 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide + trifluoroethanol and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate + trifluoroethanol. Fluid Phase Equilib 218(2): 215–220 (2004)Google Scholar
  34. [34]
    Kawamoto Y, Ogura K, Shojiya M, Takahashi M, Kadono K. F1s XPS of fluoride glasses and related fluoride crystals. J Fluorine Chem 96(2): 135–139 (1999)Google Scholar
  35. [35]
    Sugiura C. Fluorine Kα X-ray emission spectra from selected metal fluorides. Jpn J Appl Phys 31(2A): 311–316 (1992)Google Scholar
  36. [36]
    Cai M R, Zhao Z, Liang Y M, Zhou F, Liu W M. Alkyl imidazolium ionic liquids as friction reduction and anti-wear additive in polyurea grease for steel/steel contacts. Tribol Lett 40(2): 215–224 (2010)Google Scholar
  37. [37]
    Wang H Z, Lu Q M, Ye C F, Liu W M, Cui Z J. Friction and wear behaviors of ionic liquid of alkylimidazolium hexafluorophosphates as lubricants for steel/steel contact. Wear 256(1–2): 44–48 (2004)Google Scholar
  38. [38]
    Yang J Q, Liu Y, Ye Z Y, Yang D Z, He S Y. The effect of plasma nitriding on the tribology of perfluoropolyether grease-lubricated 2Cr13 steel couples in vacuum. Tribol Lett 40(1): 139–147 (2010)Google Scholar
  39. [39]
    Phillips B S, John G, Zabinski J S. Surface chemistry of fluorine containing ionic liquids on steel substrates at elevated temperature using Mossbauer spectroscopy. Tribol Lett 26(2): 85–91 (2007)Google Scholar
  40. [40]
    Weng L J, Liu X Q, Liang Y M, Xue Q J. Effect of tetraalkylphosphonium based ionic liquids as lubricants on the tribological performance of a steel-on-steel system. Tribol Lett 26(1): 11–17 (2007).Google Scholar
  41. [41]
    NIST X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy Database, version 4.1. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology, 2012. http://srdata.nist.gov/xps/, 2013.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The author(s) 2019

Open Access: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Li-cense, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or for-mat, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.

The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not in-cluded in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statuto-ry regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by/4.0/.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yao Yao
    • 1
  • Yi Xu
    • 1
  • Xiaoqiang Fan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Minhao Zhu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Guangfei Liu
    • 3
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies of Materials (Ministry of Education), School of Materials Science and EngineeringSouthwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.Tribology Research Institute, State Key Laboratory of Traction PowerSouthwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina
  3. 3.School of EngineeringLiaocheng Vocational & Technical CollegeLiaochengChina

Personalised recommendations