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House Dust Mite-Induced Allergic Rhinitis: Is Prevention an Option?

  • Salina Husain
  • Farah Dayana Zahedi
  • Sakinah Mohamad
  • Baharudin AbdullahEmail author
Allergy Prevention (DY Wang, Section Editor)
  • 7 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Allergy Prevention

Abstract

Purpose of review

The aim of this paper is to review and summarise the current knowledge of prevention of house dust mite (HDM)-induced allergic rhinitis (AR).

Recent findings

AR can be either classified as seasonal/intermittent (for example hay fever occurring summer and autumn) or perennial/persistent (occurring throughout the year). The commonest trigger for seasonal AR is pollen whereas HDMs are the key allergic trigger for perennial AR. HDMs are a recognised indoor allergen that is crucial in the development of AR, asthma, and atopic dermatitis.

Summary

Preventive strategies have gained acceptance for the management scheme in the treatment of patients with AR. Specifically, preventive measures include allergen avoidance, environmental control, and immunotherapy. The primary goal of medical treatment is to reduce the burden of disease, improve quality of life and to prevent the development of the sequelae of AR such as bronchial asthma. Prevention is a viable option and key component in HDM-AR management. As urbanisation and lifestyle changes lead to the increase of HDM-AR, there should be a more concerted effort towards prevention.

Keywords

Allergic rhinitis Asthma House dust mites Prevention 

Abbreviations

AR

Allergic rhinitis

HDMs

House dust mites

HDM-AR

House dust mite-induced allergic rhinitis

SCIT

Subcutaneous immunotherapy

SLIT

Sublingual immunotherapy

AIT

Allergen immunotherapy

ARIA

Allergic Rhinitis and its Impacts on Asthma

GINA

Global Initiative for Asthma

IgE

Immunoglobulin E

Th2

T helper cell type 2

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Salina Husain declares that she has no conflict of interest. Farah Dayana Zahedi declares that she has no conflict of interest. Sakinah Mohamad declares that she has no conflict of interest. Baharudin Abdullah declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References and Recommended Reading

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Salina Husain
    • 1
  • Farah Dayana Zahedi
    • 1
  • Sakinah Mohamad
    • 2
  • Baharudin Abdullah
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Otorhinolaryngology- Head & Neck SurgeryUniversiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical CentreKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, School of Medical SciencesUniversiti Sains MalaysiaKubang KerianMalaysia

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