Effects of Thai traditional dance on balance performance in daily life among older women

  • Penpak Noopud
  • Areerat Suputtitada
  • Surasa Khongprasert
  • Vijit KanungsukkasemEmail author
Original Article



Previous research indicates that dance training may improve balance among older adults.


This study investigated the effects of Thai traditional dance on balance performance among older women.


Forty-three women aged 60–80 years, with mean scores between 45 and 52 points on the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), were recruited and randomly assigned into two groups: a Thai traditional dance group (TTDG) (n = 22) and a control group (CG) (n = 21). TTD program comprised three dance sessions of 30–60 min per week over the course of 12 weeks while the CG kept their normal daily activities. Balance performance was assessed using standardized tests including the NeuroCom Balance Master® System (Version 9.2), the Timed Up and Go Test (TUG) and the BBS.


The results revealed that overall balance was better for those in TTDG compared to the CG. There was a significantly lower sway velocity and faster weight transfer in the Sit-to-Stand Test (p ≤ 0.001) for those in the dance group. TTDG had quicker turn time in the Step Quick Turn Test (p ≤ 0.001), improved Step Up Over Test and Walk Across Test, faster movement time, walking speed, and a better score in the TUG after training (p ≤ 0.001).


A 3-weekly Thai traditional dance intervention significantly improved balance and mobility among older community-dwelling women as compared to normal daily activities.


Thai traditional dance could potentially prevent age-related mobility and balance decline and its related fall risk.


Balance performance Thai traditional dance Older women 



The study was supported by the Graduate School fund of Chulalongkorn University (Grant number: 3/2539) and the Research Supporting Fund of Faculty of Sports Science, Chulalongkorn University (Grant number: 2/60). The authors appreciate the Center of Excellence for Gait and Movement, Medical Hospital of Chulalongkorn University for supplying the necessary assistant researchers and research instruments. The authors are also thankful to the elderly in Darn Sam Rong Municipal District, Samutprakan Province in Thailand for devoting their time in this study. Finally, we would like to thank Editage ( for English language editing.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Statement of human and animal rights

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the Institutional Review Ethics Board, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University (COA no. 368/2017 and IRB no. 122/60) and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Penpak Noopud
    • 1
  • Areerat Suputtitada
    • 2
  • Surasa Khongprasert
    • 1
  • Vijit Kanungsukkasem
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Faculty of Sports ScienceChulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand
  2. 2.Faculty of MedicineChulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand

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