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Impact on mindfulness, emotion regulation, and emotional overeating of a DBT skills training group: a pilot study

  • Julie BeaulacEmail author
  • Daniella Sandre
  • Deanna Mercer
Brief Report
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Abstract

Purpose

The current study investigated the impact of a modified Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills (DBT) training group for patients at a hospital outpatient weight management clinic. Emotional eating is a problematic strategy for managing unpleasant feelings that can have a deleterious impact on weight management. DBT addresses emotional dysregulation via incorporation of skills aimed at coping with unpleasant affect.

Methods

This study examines outcomes for 18 patients who participated in a 12-week DBT skills building group. A pre-post design with 3-month follow-up investigated the impact of the group on emotional eating, psychological distress, emotion regulation, and mindfulness.

Results

Four repeated measures ANOVAs were run to assess for changes related to life difficulties and functioning, emotional overeating, emotion regulation, and mindfulness. Fisher’s LSD tests assessed for linear and quadratic trends. Improvements in mindfulness, emotion regulation, and emotional overeating were found; these were maintained at follow-up.

Conclusions

This study demonstrated the utility of a group-based intervention aimed at improving emotion regulation and mindfulness skills among weight management patients. Further study is needed to determine whether improvements in the constructs studied in this research would translate to improved weight management outcomes and in determining the pathway for improvements.

Level of evidence

Level IV, multiple time series with intervention.

Keywords

DBT Weight management Obesity Mindfulness Emotion regulation Emotional overeating 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

The study was approved by the Ottawa Health Science Network Research Ethics Board.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyThe Ottawa HospitalOttawaCanada
  2. 2.The Ottawa Hospital Research InstituteOttawaCanada
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryThe Ottawa HospitalOttawaCanada
  4. 4.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of OttawaOttawaCanada

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