Factor structure and reliability of the Multidimensional Body–Self Relations Questionnaire in Chilean youth

  • Claudia Cruzat-MandichEmail author
  • Fernanda Díaz-Castrillón
  • Cristhian E. Pérez-Villalobos
  • Paula Lizana
  • Catalina Moore
  • Susan Simpson
  • Camila Oda-Montecinos
Original Article


The aim of this study was to ascertain the psychometric properties of the Multidimensional Body–Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ) for a sample of youth in Chile. Cross-sectional survey was conducted with 451 participants. A non-clinical sample of adolescents and young adults between 15 and 25 years responded the MBSRQ and a sociodemographic questionnaire. Factorial analysis identified seven factors and provided empirical evidence that supports the use of these factors to evaluate body perception in Chilean youth. Scores exhibited good reliability in three factors (over 0.80) and acceptable reliability in the other four (over 0.70). Findings suggest that the Spanish MBSRQ was psychometrically sound, with 7 factors which are largely consistent with those identified in the original version and validation study of this scale. These factors possess sufficient internal consistency to make it plausible for use in research and screening with Chilean youth, and potentially useful as an adjunctive measure in the context of clinical decision making.


Adolescent Evaluation of appearance Exploratory factor analysis Multidimensional Body Image Questionnaire 



This study was funded by Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica (CONICYT): Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico (FONDECYT-Regular N° 1140085): “Cambios en la imagen corporal en adolescentes sometidos a cirugía bariátrica”/“Changes in body image in adolescents with bariatric surgery.”

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Claudia Cruzat-Mandich, Fernanda Díaz-Castrillón, Cristhian E. Pérez-Villalobos, Paula Lizana, Catalina Moore, Susan Simpson, and Camila Oda-Montecinos declare no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The project was evaluated and approved by the Bioethics Committee of the National Commission of Scientific and Technological Research of Chile, CONICYT.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudia Cruzat-Mandich
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fernanda Díaz-Castrillón
    • 1
  • Cristhian E. Pérez-Villalobos
    • 2
  • Paula Lizana
    • 1
  • Catalina Moore
    • 1
  • Susan Simpson
    • 3
    • 4
  • Camila Oda-Montecinos
    • 5
  1. 1.Centro de Estudios de la Conducta Alimentaria-CECA-Escuela de PsicologíaUniversidad Adolfo IbáñezPeñalolénChile
  2. 2.Universidad de ConcepciónConcepciónChile
  3. 3.University of South AustraliaAdelaideAustralia
  4. 4.Regional Eating Disorders UnitNHS LothianLivingstonUK
  5. 5.Escuela de PsicologíaUniversidad Católica del NorteAntofagastaChile

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