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Does the eating disorder examination questionnaire global subscale adequately predict eating disorder psychopathology in the daily life of obese adults?

  • Tyler B. MasonEmail author
  • Kathryn E. Smith
  • Ross D. Crosby
  • Stephen A. Wonderlich
  • Scott J. Crow
  • Scott G. Engel
  • Carol B. Peterson
Original Article

Abstract

The eating disorder examination questionnaire (EDE-Q) Global score is a self-report measure of global eating disorder (ED) psychopathology. This study used ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to evaluate the ecological validity of EDE-Q Global scores among obese adults. Fifty obese adults completed the EDE-Q and 2 weeks of EMA ratings prior to initiating eating episodes and subsequently after eating episodes. EMA items assessed behavioral symptoms [i.e., loss of control (LOC) eating and overeating] and cognitive symptoms (i.e., weight/shape concerns, eating concerns, and restraint). EDE-Q Global was associated with increased EMA weight/shape concerns and fear of LOC at pre-eating recordings. EDE-Q Global was associated with increased EMA post-episode weight/shape concerns, eating concerns, LOC eating, and overeating. There was no association between EDE-Q Global and EMA restraint. Results generally supported the ecological validity of EDE-Q Global scores. Future studies of ED psychopathology in obese adults may benefit from considering EDE-Q Restraint separately.

Level of Evidence Level V, descriptive study.

Keywords

Eating disorder examination questionnaire EDE-Q Ecological momentary assessment Obesity 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by Grants P30DK50456 from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, and T32MH082761 from the National Institute of Mental Health.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to report.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tyler B. Mason
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Kathryn E. Smith
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ross D. Crosby
    • 1
    • 2
  • Stephen A. Wonderlich
    • 1
    • 2
  • Scott J. Crow
    • 3
    • 4
  • Scott G. Engel
    • 1
    • 2
  • Carol B. Peterson
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Clinical ResearchNeuropsychiatric Research InstituteFargoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral ScienceUniversity of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health SciencesFargoUSA
  3. 3.University of Minnesota Medical SchoolMinneapolisUSA
  4. 4.The Emily ProgramSt. PaulUSA

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