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Orthorexic eating behaviour as a coping strategy in patients with anorexia nervosa

  • Friederike BarthelsEmail author
  • Frank Meyer
  • Thomas Huber
  • Reinhard Pietrowsky
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

Orthorexia nervosa is defined as the fixation on health-conscious eating behaviour and has recently been discussed as a new variant of disordered eating. The aim of the present study was to analyse orthorexic eating behaviour in an inpatient treatment sample of female anorexics to investigate the relation between anorexic and orthorexic eating behaviour.

Method

Female anorexic patients with low (n = 29) and pronounced (n = 13) orthorexic eating behaviour as well as a matched control group composed of healthy females (n = 30) were compared with regard to several aspects of disordered eating, hypochondriacal traits, food consumption frequency and fulfilment of basic psychological needs in terms of eating. Orthorexic eating behaviour was assessed using the Düsseldorfer Orthorexie Skala.

Results

Fulfilment of basic psychological needs with respect to autonomy and competence is higher in anorexic individuals with pronounced orthorexic eating behaviour compared to patients with low orthorexic eating behaviour. Furthermore, patients with pronounced orthorexic eating behaviour state eating healthy food regardless of calorie content more often. No difference was found for hypochondriacal traits and eating disordered symptoms in general.

Conclusions

Orthorexic eating behaviour enhances self-perception of eating behaviour as autonomous and competent, indicating that it might serve as a coping strategy in anorexic individuals. Further research is needed to investigate if this tendency in food selection strategy leads to positive effects in the long term.

Keywords

Orthorexia Anorexia nervosa Eating disorders Coping strategy Self-determination theory 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors sincerely thank Karsten Braks, Sonia Livia Arianna Belfiore, Eva Henkemeier, Leoni Braun and Karolina Friese for their valuable support.

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical PsychologyInstitute of Experimental Psychology, Heinrich-Heine-Universität DüsseldorfDüsseldorfGermany
  2. 2.Centre for Eating DisordersKlinik am KorsoBad OeynhausenGermany

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