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The effect of drying methods on yield and chemical constituents of the essential oil in Lavandula angustifolia Mill. (Lamiaceae)

  • Mohammad Hossein Mirjalili
  • Peyman Salehi
  • Masoud Mohammadi Vala
  • Mansour GhorbanpourEmail author
Original Article
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Abstract

This study investigated the effect of drying methods on the essential oil content and composition of Lavandula angustifolia for identification suitable drying method for post harvest processing. The drying methods tested were sun-drying (SD, 72 h under sunlight), closed shade-drying (CSD, 72 h under shade condition in a closed place), oven-drying (OD, 48 h heated at 40 °C) and microwave-drying (MD, 5 min irradiated at 55% energy of 900 W). The essential oils from dried samples were isolated by hydrodistillation and analysed by gas chromatography–flame ionization detector and GC–mass spectrometry. The drying method had a significant effect on the essential oil content (w/w%) and was in the order of: CSD (3.4%) > OD (2.6%) > SD (1.6%) > MD (0.9%). In total, 35, 36, 34 and 38 constituents were identified and quantified in shade, sunlight, oven and microwave drying, representing 99.1%, 98.3%, 98.7% and 98.2% of the total oil, respectively. The main components were linalool, linalyl acetate, lavandulyl acetate, terpinen-4-ol and α-terpineol. However, the drying method had no effect on the proportion of the various components. UPGMA cluster and principal component analyses from essential oil constituents grouped the employed treatments into three main clusters.

Keywords

Lavender Lamiaceae Drying method Essential oil Linalool 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to Shahid Beheshti University Research Council for financial support of this work.

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Copyright information

© Indian Society for Plant Physiology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Hossein Mirjalili
    • 1
  • Peyman Salehi
    • 2
  • Masoud Mohammadi Vala
    • 2
  • Mansour Ghorbanpour
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Agriculture, Medicinal Plants and Drugs Research InstituteShahid Beheshti University, G. C.TehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants and Drugs Research InstituteShahid Beheshti University, G. C.TehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Medicinal Plants, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural ResourcesArak UniversityArakIran

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