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Recent Developments in Digital Mental Health Interventions for College and University Students

  • Timothy D. BeckerEmail author
  • John B. Torous
Technology and its Impact on Mental Health Care (J Torous and T Becker, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Technology and its Impact on Mental Health Care

Abstract

Purpose

Mental health problems are prevalent among university students. Insufficient resources at student health centers and other barriers to treatment result in low rates of students receiving treatment, potentially impacting academic performance and long-term health. Digital mental health interventions have been proposed as a means of reducing the treatment gap, given their potential for flexibility, cost-effectiveness, and stigma reduction.

Recent Findings

Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of short-term online interventions based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), and mindfulness have had promising short-term effects on measurements of anxiety, depression, and sleep when compared to waitlist controls in small to medium size non-clinical samples of predominantly women university students in high-income countries. Most interventions suffer from low adherence and completion rates, sometimes partially offset by personal support. The impact of these interventions on long-term mental health and academic outcomes remains uncertain.

Summary

Although studies of Internet-based interventions have shown promising results, the effectiveness of current interventions is limited by low adherence and questionable long-term efficacy in real-world settings.

Keywords

University students College mental health Digital mental health eHealth Internet CBT 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

John Torous reports grants from Ostuka, outside the submitted work. Timothy Becker reports personal fees from Buoy Health, outside the submitted work.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by the authors.

References and Recommended Reading

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical CenterHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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