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Vitamin Status and Mineralized Tissue Formation

  • Eijiro JimiEmail author
Oral Disease and Nutrition (F Nishimura, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Oral Disease and Nutrition

Abstract

Purpose of the Review

Vitamins play important roles in bone health, and vitamin supplementation has been recommended to prevent osteoporosis and to reduce fracture risk in the elderly. However, the benefits of vitamin intake for bone health are still controversial. The aim of the review is to examine the relationship between vitamins and bone health and how vitamins function in osteoblasts and osteoclasts.

Recent Findings

A broad literature search with the PubMed database was performed. The results of human clinical studies are inconsistent due to differences in the study design, race, genetic factors, and the population. Vitamin K, E, or C intake seems to benefit for bone health as well as vitamin D. Recent findings did not support the benefit of the vitamin B complex for bone health. Furthermore, both the excess and deficiency of vitamin A might be involved in compromised bone health.

Summary

The well-balanced and adequate amounts of vitamins should be ensured to prevent adverse effects on bone health.

Keywords

Vitamins Bone Fracture risk Osteoporosis Osteoblasts Osteoclasts 

Notes

Funding

This study was supported by the research grant for OBT Research Center from the Kyushu University.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Eijiro Jimi declares no conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Oral Health/Brain Health/Total Health Research Center, Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, Faculty of Dental ScienceKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan

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