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Recent Changes and Improvements in Multidisciplinary Perioperative Management From a Nutritional Perspective: Dental Specialty Should Be Considered Important

  • Yoshihiko SogaEmail author
  • Yasuhiro Shirakawa
  • Toshiyoshi Fujiwara
  • Takako Ashiwa
  • Hiroshi Morimatsu
Oral Disease and Nutrition (F Nishimura, Section Editor)
  • 1 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Oral Disease and Nutrition

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Recently, multidisciplinary strategies on accelerated recovery postoperatively have been provided, and management of the perioperative period has changed and improved dramatically. We summarize the enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS®) protocol and its outcomes from a nutritional perspective. We established the perioperative management center (PERiO), much of whose work contents conform to ERAS®, but intensive dental staff involvement is characteristic. We also summarize its outcomes.

Recent Findings

ERAS® is a multimodal perioperative care pathway designed to achieve early recovery for patients undergoing major surgery. Nutrition is a key pillar for patient care. Throughout the perioperative period, oral nutrition is suggested as well as possible. Good outcomes have been reported by a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. However, the dental staff are not regarded as part of the professional team. PERiO reported good outcomes of care bundles and suggested the importance of dental staff contribution. The Japanese social insurance system began to cover involvements of the dental staff for perioperative oral management since 2012. Analysis of the nationwide administrative claims database in Japan concluded that preoperative oral care by a dentist significantly reduced postoperative complications in patients undergoing cancer surgery.

Summary

Currently, the dental staff are not regarded as key professionals of ERAS®, although the dental staff can contribute to good outcomes in the perioperative period and PERiO, and consequently, the Japanese universal health insurance coverage system covering involvements of the dental staff for perioperative oral management showed good outcomes. Therefore, further clinical studies involving dental specialty should be considered important for perioperative management from nutritional perspectives.

Keywords

Perioperative management Nutrition Dental Oral management 

Notes

Funding Information

This report is partly supported by a project commissioned from Okayama prefecture, Japan, Dissemination project of community-based multidisciplinary perioperative care model systems, a MEXT grant-in-aid, Problem-Solving Oriented Training Program for Advanced Medical Personnel, for the COE Program to adapt dental education for a healthy society with longevity, to establish an interprofessional educational system, including death and life studies, practical ethics, and community-based integrated care, and a grant-in-aid from JSPS KAKENHI Grant No. JP 18K09574 (to Y.S.).

Figure 1 reprinted from Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 24.3, K.C.H. Fearon, O. Ljungqvist, M. Von Meyenfeldt, A. Revhaug, C.H.C. Dejong, K. Lassen, J. Nygren, J. Hausel, M. Soop, J. Andersen, H. Kehlet, Enhanced recovery after surgery: A consensus review of clinical care for patients undergoing colonic resection, Pages 466-477, Copyright (2005), with permission from Elsevier.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoshihiko Soga
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yasuhiro Shirakawa
    • 2
  • Toshiyoshi Fujiwara
    • 2
  • Takako Ashiwa
    • 3
    • 4
  • Hiroshi Morimatsu
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Division of Hospital DentistryOkayama University HospitalOkayamaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Gastroenterological SurgeryOkayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical SciencesOkayamaJapan
  3. 3.Division of Nursing, Kawasaki Medical School General Medical CenterOkayama University HospitalOkayamaJapan
  4. 4.Perioperative Management CenterOkayama University HospitalOkayamaJapan
  5. 5.Department of Anesthesiology and ResuscitologyOkayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmaceutical SciencesOkayamaJapan

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