Current Oral Health Reports

, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 250–254 | Cite as

Periodontal Disease in Women and Men

  • Harlan J. ShiauEmail author
Epidemiology (M Laine, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Epidemiology


Purpose of Review

This manuscript will present a narrative review of the distribution of periodontitis in women and men based on recent epidemiological studies.

Recent Findings

Large, global, population-based surveys provide continued evidence that a sexual dimorphism in prevalence of periodontitis exists between women and men. Based on included studies, the prevalence of severe periodontitis is greater in men compared to women by between 4.6 to 12.7%. Environmental or behavioral factors that exhibit a sex differential between women and men do not adequately account for the aforementioned observation. A sex dimorphism in host immune response remains a plausible explanation and requires further investigation.


There is a sexual dimorphism in susceptibility to periodontitis, reflecting a higher prevalence of destructive periodontal disease in men than women.


Periodontitis Sexual dimorphism Risk marker 


Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

Conflict of Interest

Dr. Shiau has no conflicts of interest to declare.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Periodontics/#4213University of Maryland School of DentistryBaltimoreUSA

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