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Fiber-Reinforced Composites for Implant Applications

  • Pekka K. Vallittu
Dental Restorative Materials (M Özcan, Section Editor)
  • 11 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Dental Restorative Materials

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Although metals, ceramics, and particulate filler resin composites have successfully been used as implant biomaterials for decades, devices made out of these materials do not meet all surgical requirements. This review describes the structure and mechanism of function of biostable glass fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) implants, which contain bioactive glass.

Recent Findings

For instance, metal objects may interfere with some medical imaging systems (computer tomography, magnetic resonance imaging) and biomechanical mismatch of implant and bone may cause stress shielding-related bone resorption. There has been a lot of development in the field of composite biomaterials and bioactive materials and more focus of implant development has been put to biostable composites as implant material. Biostability of implantable medical devices is important to ensure success of the treatment in short and long term especially in load-bearing applications.

Summary

FRC with continuous glass fibers in a biostable thermoset resin matrix provides high strength and high toughness non-metallic biomaterial. By adding bioactive glass to the FRC implant, the implant supports osteogenesis and vascularization, and provides even antimicrobial properties for the implant. Although the FRC implants and the material are used clinically in cranioplasties, further research is needed to demonstrate the most suitable implant designs for load-bearing applications for jaw bone reconstructions and orthopedics.

Keywords

Resin composites Bioactivity Cranioplasty Implant Fiber-reinforced composite 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The author is an inventor and scientific consultant in the dental FRC material producing Stick Tech Ltd.—a member of GC group. The author has a role also as Member of the Board and shareholder of the Skulle Implants Corporation.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by the author.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biomaterials Science, Turku Clinical Biomaterials Centre – TCBC, Institute of DentistryUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland
  2. 2.Welfare DivisionCity of TurkuTurkuFinland

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