Dental Implant Surgery: From Conventional to Guided to Navigated Approach
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Purpose of Review
The purpose of this article is to review the evolution of dental implant surgery from a traditional approach to a computer-aided one. Implant surgery using CAD/CAM surgical templates has become widely used, and now, a new technology, dynamic navigation, is gaining popularity. We aim to review both technologies as well as their advantages and disadvantages.
The latest reviews of the accuracy of static navigation show 1.4 mm apical horizontal, 1.1 mm coronal horizontal, 0.74 mm vertical, and 3.98° angular deviations. Dynamic navigation is reported to have 0.4 mm horizontal/vertical and 4° angular deviations. While deviations do exist with these techniques, the accuracy and predictability still greatly surpass that of free-hand surgery.
Dentistry has now moved into a digital era and so has implant surgery. Computer-aided implant planning and surgery has become common practice for many surgeons. Static and dynamic navigation has taken implant surgery to a new level of predictability and precision.
KeywordsDental implant Implant surgery CAD/CAM Computer-guided surgery Static navigation Dynamic navigation
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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