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Current Oral Health Reports

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 39–49 | Cite as

Periodontology for Geriatric Patients

  • Mia RakicEmail author
  • Danilo Vojvodic
  • Anton Sculean
Systemic Diseases (N Buduneli, Section Editor)
  • 75 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Systemic Diseases

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Elderly population represents the fastest growing population segment and target group of many expert organizations developing strategies for successful aging. The substantial increase in man’s lifespan together with implementation of preventive dental programs resulted in decreased tooth loss and increased prevalence of periodontal disease. Hence, the present review focused on positioning periodontal health within aging process, characteristic of the senescent periodontium, periodontitis-aging interplay, clinical characteristics, and implications for periodontal care in geriatric patients.

Recent Findings

The senescent periodontium undergoes degenerative changes that are unrelated to progressive destruction in lack of inflammation. The pathological interplay periodontitis-systemic aging is evidenced. Geriatric patients demonstrate comparable treatment outcomes to those of patients ≤ 60 years regarding non-surgical and surgical periodontal treatment and implant therapy as well.

Summary

Adequate oral hygiene and appropriate control of risk factors represent the key pre-conditions for successful periodontal and systemic aging.

Keywords

Periodontitis Aging Inflammaging Alzheimer’s disease Diabetes mellitus Atherosclerosis 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Ministry of Education and Science, Republic of Serbia (project references #41008 and #173056).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Dental Surgery, PerioINSERM group, INSERM UMR 1229-RMESUniversity of NantesNantes Cedex 1France
  2. 2.Institute for Biological Research “Sinisa Stankovic”University of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  3. 3.Institute for Medical ResearchMilitary Medical AcademyBelgradeSerbia
  4. 4.Department of Periodontology, School of Dental MedicineUniversity of BernBernSwitzerland

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