Current Oral Health Reports

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 19–25 | Cite as

Implications of Antimicrobial Usage to Prevent Bacteremia for Periodontal Therapy

  • Nurcan BuduneliEmail author
Systemic Diseases (N Buduneli, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Systemic Diseases


Purpose of Review

This review examines the current literature on periodontal treatment, bacteremia and prophylactic antibiotic usage to prevent the systemic adverse outcomes.

Recent Findings

Currently, it is not clear whether prophylactic antibiotic administration prevents bacterial endocarditis in patients with high risk.


Recent publications have resulted in significant changes in the concept of antibiotic prophylaxis. Available evidence does not support the previously published guidelines recommending prophylactic antibiotic usage prior to dental treatment. Potential harms and costs of antibiotic administration should be weighed against expected benefits. Clinicians are advised to discuss the potential benefits and harms of antibiotic prophylaxis with their patients before prescription.


Periodontal diseases Bacteremia Bacterial endocarditis Antibiotics Periodontal treatment 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The author declares that she has no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Dentistry, Department of PeriodontologyEge UniversityİzmirTurkey

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