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Current Oral Health Reports

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 1–6 | Cite as

Periodontal Diseases/Treatment and Bisphosphonates

  • Pınar MeriçEmail author
  • Önder Gürlek
Systemic Diseases (N Buduneli, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Systemic Diseases

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Host response against bacteria or their toxins eventually play a major role in alveolar bone destruction observed in periodontitis. Because of the role in bone resorption, bisphosphonates were applied as adjunct to non-surgical therapy. This review highlights the effects of bisphosphonates on clinical parameters as adjunct to periodontal treatment.

Recent Findings

Significant clinical and radiographic effects were observed in animal and human study models. In recent studies, local usage of the bisphosphonate gels was examined in periodontitis patients to prevent the systemic side effects. The mean pocket depth reduction, clinical attachment level gain, and the percentage of defect depth reduction were greater in bisphosphonate group.

Summary

Bisphosphonates appear to be effective in improving clinical outcomes of periodontal treatment. However, the clinical relevance still remains controversial because of the differences in methodology in the studies. New evidences from high-quality clinical trials are required to clear the clinical application of bisphosphonates as adjunct to non-surgical periodontal treatment in periodontitis.

Keywords

Periodontitis Bisphosphonates Non-surgical periodontal therapy 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Dentistry, Department of PeriodontologyEge UniversityIzmirTurkey

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