Current Oral Health Reports

, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp 197–200 | Cite as

Monolithic Zirconia for Prosthetic Reconstructions: Advantages and Limitations

  • Lucas Hian da Silva
  • Erick de Lima
  • Miriam Hochman
  • Mutlu ÖzcanEmail author
  • Paulo Francisco Cesar
Dental Restorative Materials (M Özcan, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Dental Restorative Materials


Purpose of Review

Due to frequent clinical reports on chipping of the veneering ceramic applied on zirconia frameworks, non-veneered monolithic zirconia has been proposed in an attempt to improve the lifetime of metal-free fixed dental prostheses (FDPs). This review highlights the effects of microstructure and chemical composition on optical properties and mechanical properties of monolithic zirconia that may be detrimental on the longevity of FDPs and the antagonist dentition.

Recent Findings

The reviewed studies indicated that the lack of veneering ceramic in monolithic solutions yields to less favourable optical outcome and decreased mechanical stability. Efforts are being made to improve translucency of monolithic zirconia through modifying the grain size, increasing cubic phase, and decreasing alumina content, final density and level of impurities.


There appears room for improvement in the microstructure of monolithic zirconia ceramics to achieve better optical results and low antagonist wear, without jeopardizing its mechanical properties.


Monolithic zirconia Zirconia Y-TZP 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lucas Hian da Silva
    • 1
  • Erick de Lima
    • 2
  • Miriam Hochman
    • 1
  • Mutlu Özcan
    • 3
    Email author
  • Paulo Francisco Cesar
    • 2
  1. 1.School of DentistryUniversity Cidade de São Paulo (UNICID)São PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Biomaterials and Oral Biology, School of DentistryUniversity of São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Division of Dental Materials, Center for Dental and Oral Medicine, Clinic for Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics and Dental Materials ScienceUniversity of ZurichZurichSwitzerland

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