Malnutrition and Oral Health in Children
- 161 Downloads
The purpose of this paper is to review the effects of malnutrition on children’s oral health.
Malnutrition negatively affects the development of craniofacial structures and teeth. Nutrient deficiencies during amelogenesis and dentinogenesis lead to defective tooth structures, which tend to harbor cariogenic bacteria. The role of vitamin D in prevention of dental caries is inconclusive. Some researchers believe dental caries is not multifactorial nor transmissible because caries cannot develop without sugars. There is conflicting information in relation to the effects of malnutrition in tooth eruption and exfoliation, but its deleterious influence is clear in the integrity of the oral mucosa and salivary function.
An improper nutrition deprives the child from important nutrients for growth and development, including that of oral structures. More research is needed to elucidate the role of malnutrition in tooth development, exfoliation, and eruption.
KeywordsMalnutrition Child Dental caries Pediatric dentistry Oral health
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The author declares that he has no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
- 3.Rodrigues Ribeiro T, Shangela da Silva Alves K, de Miranda Mota AC, Pereira Costa D, Barreto mano de Carvalho C, Santos CF, et al. Caries experience, mutans streptococci and total protein concentrations in children with protein-energy undernutrition. Austr Dent J. 2014;59:106–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 6.Am Acad of Pediatr Dent. Policy on early childhood caries (ECC): classifications, consequences, and preventive strategies. Pediatr Dent. 2016;38:52–4.Google Scholar
- 37.• Herzog K, Scott JM, Hujoel P, Seminario AL. Association of vitamin D and dental caries in children: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005-2006. J Am Dent Assoc. 2016;147:413–20. This study did not find an association between vitamin D deficiency and dental caries in a large national sample of children. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar