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Current Oral Health Reports

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 51–58 | Cite as

Epidemiological Evidences for the Association of Obesity and Metabolic Disorders with Oral Diseases

  • Michiko Furuta
  • Yoshihisa YamashitaEmail author
Oral Disease and Nutrition (F Nishimura, Section Editor)
  • 66 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Oral Disease and Nutrition

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Obesity is the underlying cause of many chronic diseases and affects overall health. Obesity and obesity-related metabolic disorders, particularly, metabolic syndrome and diabetes, have been recognized to be associated with oral diseases. This review describes the recent evidence from epidemiological studies investigating the effect of obesity and metabolic disorders on oral diseases, including dental caries and periodontal disease in adults.

Recent Findings

Longitudinal studies indicate the direction of association that obesity and diabetes affect periodontal disease. Interpretation of causal relationships between metabolic syndrome and periodontal disease remains limited because of the small number of prospective evidence. Longitudinal studies investigating dental caries have not been performed.

Summary

Further exploration of the effect of metabolic syndrome on periodontal disease, and that of obesity and metabolic disorders on dental caries in longitudinal studies, is warranted.

Keywords

Dental caries Diabetes Metabolic syndrome Obesity Periodontal disease 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by the Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (16H05850 and 26861832) from the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports, and Culture of Japan, Tokyo, Japan.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

M Furuta and Y Yamashita declare no conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Section of Preventive and Public Health Dentistry, Division of Oral Health, Growth and DevelopmentKyushu University Faculty of Dental ScienceFukuokaJapan

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