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Current Oral Health Reports

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 29–33 | Cite as

Advances and Challenges in Oral Biofilm Control

  • Beatriz Helena Dias Panariello
  • Cecilia Atem Gonçalves de Araújo Costa
  • Ana Cláudia Pavarina
  • Sérgio Lima Santiago
  • Simone DuarteEmail author
Microbiology (M Klein, Section Editor)
  • 177 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Microbiology

Abstract

Purpose of Review

The paper aims to critically study the literature published over the past 3 years as relevant to oral biofilm control. The emphasis of this review is the interests and importance of new findings, seeking the following answers: (i) what is the major challenge in oral biofilm control?, (ii) what are the new anti-biofilm approaches?, and (iii) what are the further researches?

Recent Findings

In addition to mechanical plaque removal and the use of chemical agents against pathogenic biofilm, there is a need for development of new anti-biofilm approaches. The majority of the new studies aiming to control oral biofilm have been performed with the characterization of the extracellular matrix components. Exopolysaccharides (EPS), proteins, lipids, nucleic acids (eDNA), lipoteichoic acids (LTA), and lipopolysaccharides have been identified in the matrices of bacterial biofilms and are considered the current targets to oral biofilm control.

Summary

The extracellular matrix is essential for the existence of the biofilm and by its virulence both in bacterial and fungal pathogens. The better understanding of the biomechanical properties of the EPS matrix is the main advance and is leading to new chemical and/or biological approaches to remove or disorganize cariogenic biofilms. Recently, researches are focusing on the extracellular matrix for oral biofilm control with further clinical applicability.

Keywords

Oral biofilms Oral microbiota Extracellular matrix Biofilm control Dental caries Oral fungi 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by a São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) scholarship 2016/00256-3 to B.H.D.P. and by the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) scholarship 6483-15-1 to C.A.G.A.C.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beatriz Helena Dias Panariello
    • 1
  • Cecilia Atem Gonçalves de Araújo Costa
    • 2
  • Ana Cláudia Pavarina
    • 1
  • Sérgio Lima Santiago
    • 2
  • Simone Duarte
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Dental Materials and ProsthodonticsSão Paulo State University (UNESP), Araraquara Dental SchoolRua Humaitá, 1680, 14801-903, Araraquara, São PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Restorative DentistryFaculty of Pharmacy, Dentistry and Nursing, Federal University of CearáFortaleza, CearáBrazil

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