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Current Oral Health Reports

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 102–110 | Cite as

Molecular Markers of Fibro-Osseous Lesions and Osteosarcomas of the Craniofacial Complex—Current Situation and Recent Advances

  • Flore Tabareau-Delalande
  • Gonzague de PinieuxEmail author
Oral Neoplasia (F Alawi and A Le, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Oral Neoplasia

Abstract

Fibro-osseous lesions share clinical, radiological, and pathological features, particularly in the craniofacial complex, a location where diagnosing these lesions is challenging. Some molecular markers involved in the pathogenesis of these lesions offer significant diagnostic support. Guanine nucleotide-binding protein/alpha subunit (GNAS) mutations are specific to fibrous dysplasias and are not encountered in ossifying fibromas (including juvenile variants), or in low-grade and high-grade osteosarcomas of the jaw. Low-grade and dedifferentiated osteosarcomas show murine double-minute 2 (MDM2) amplification, with overexpression of MDM2, abnormalities not encountered in fibrous dysplasia, or in ossifying fibroma. No recurrent cytogenetic or molecular abnormality has been reported to date in conventional ossifying fibromas. The juvenile variants of ossifying fibroma exhibit MDM2/RAS protein activator like-1 (RASAL1) co-amplification, without MDM2 overexpression, abnormalities also observed in certain aggressive osteosarcomas of the jaw, which may derive from juvenile ossifying fibroma. MDM2/RASAL1 co-amplification may constitute an early molecular marker of aggressive juvenile ossifying fibroma and may indicate a need for closer follow-up and more radical treatment.

Keywords

Fibro-osseous lesions Craniofacial complex Fibrous dysplasia Ossifying fibroma Juvenile ossifying fibroma Low-grade osteosarcoma 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Flore Tabareau-Delalande and Gonzague de Pinieux declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Flore Tabareau-Delalande
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gonzague de Pinieux
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.University François RabelaisToursFrance
  2. 2.Department of PathologyCentre Hospitalier Régional d’OrléansOrleansFrance
  3. 3.Department of PathologyCentre Hospitalier Universitaire de ToursToursFrance
  4. 4.INSERM, UMR 957, Laboratory for Bone Resorption Physiopathology and Primary Bone Tumour Therapy, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of NantesNantesFrance

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