Dyslipidemia: Contemporary Therapy Options in Terms of Worldwide Guidelines
Purpose of Review
Statins represent a golden standard for treating patients with dyslipidemia. At half of the treated patients, the targeted level of LDL cholesterol is not achieved. Numerous studies which promote new medications have been published in the past several years. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to consider the new possibilities of treating dyslipidemia in terms of various dyslipidemia guidelines.
Randomized clinical trials have shown that most positive effects are achieved by lowering the level of LDL cholesterol, and thus the guidelines define the target LDL value. Numerous guidelines in the field of dyslipidemia have been published, but there are some differences which will be analyzed in this review paper. Even if the target LDL cholesterol level is reached, there is still a residual lipid risk for the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, lipid factors, such as high level of triglycerides, low HDL cholesterol, LP(a), etc., play a very important role. Nowadays, there are numerous potent medications which are used in statin and non-statin therapies. PCSK9 inhibitors, which are in the special focus of this paper, have been tested in the past few years. The paper offers an overview of traditionally used medications, as well as new experimental medications. Moreover, the paper emphasizes the importance of non-adherence to antilipemic medications, which is an important issue which reduces the favorable effects of the treatment.
Nowadays, there are drugs which, combined with statins, may reduce HDL-C level to very low values. The studies have shown inconsistent results in terms of solving the issue of residual lipid risk. Research in this field may significantly reduce lipid risk for cardiovascular events.
KeywordsDyslipidemia Treating dyslipidemia Guidelines Target level Statins Residual lipid risk
We hereby thank Jasmina Nedeljkovic for providing language and proofreading assistance during the creation of this paper.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Djordjevic B. Dragan, Dordevic D. Aleksandar, and Lovic B. Dragan declare no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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