Melioidosis in Mexico: a Coordinated Effort to Educate the Medical Specialists and the Community About an Unknown Disease Endemic in the Country

  • Gerardo Alvarez-Hernandez
  • Alfredo G. TorresEmail author
Hot Topics in Tropical Medicine (ME Bottazzi and R Mejia, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Hot Topics in Tropical Medicine


Purpose of Review

Melioidosis, caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, is virtually unknown in Mexico. The acquisition of the pathogen and development of the disease has been scarcely documented in the Mexican population, but strong evidence indicates that several of the cases are autochthonous to the country.

Recent Findings

Two fatal cases in the state of Sonora triggered a coordinated effort by the health system at the local, state, and federal level, supported by the state government, academic institutions, and international specialists, that resulted in the proper identification of the pathogen and provided strong evidence indicating that melioidosis is endemic and underreported.


In response to this coordinated effort, a Melioidosis Symposium was organized in the city of Hermosillo, Sonora, with an overall goal to educate the medical professionals and the community about the disease and to foster collaborations at the state, federal, and international level to properly identify, diagnose, and treat the next patient developing the disease.


Burkholderia pseudomallei Melioidosis Cases Treatment Sonora Mexico 



The authors are thankful for the support of CDC, USA and INDRE, Mexico to organize this event and the logistical operation of Sonoran Secretary of Health and the University of Sonora to support all the activities associated with this symposium. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Gerardo Alvarez-Hernandez and Alfredo G. Torres declare no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerardo Alvarez-Hernandez
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alfredo G. Torres
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Medicine and Health SciencesUniversity of SonoraHermosilloMexico
  2. 2.Secretary of HealthHermosilloMexico
  3. 3.Department of Microbiology and ImmunologyUniversity of Texas Medical BranchGalvestonUSA

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