A single-variable first-order shear deformation nonlocal theory for the flexure of isotropic nanobeams

  • Kedar S. PakhareEmail author
  • P. J. Guruprasad
  • Rameshchandra P. Shimpi
Technical Paper


In this paper, a displacement-based single-variable first-order shear deformation nonlocal theory for the flexure of isotropic nanobeams is presented. In the present theory, the beam axial displacement consists of a bending component, whereas the beam transverse displacement consists of a bending component and a shearing component. Bending components do not take part in the cross-sectional shearing force, and the shearing component does not take part in the cross-sectional bending moment. The present theory utilizes linear strain–displacement relations. The displacement functions of the present theory give rise to the constant transverse shear strain through the beam thickness. Hence as is the case with the nonlocal Timoshenko beam theory, the present theory also requires a shear correction factor. In the present theory, nonlocal differential stress–strain constitutive relations of Eringen are utilized in order to take into account the size-dependent behaviour of nanobeams. In the present theory, beam gross equilibrium equations are utilized to derive the governing differential equation. As against other first-order shear deformation nonlocal beam theories, the present theory involves only one governing differential equation of fourth order and has only one unknown function. There exists a strong resemblance between expressions of the cross-sectional shearing force, cross-sectional bending moment and governing differential equation of the present theory and corresponding expressions of the nonlocal Bernoulli–Euler beam theory based on the nonlocal elasticity theory of Eringen. For the present theory, boundary conditions are described. The present theory also describes two distinct and physically meaningful clamped boundary conditions. Illustrative examples pertaining to the flexure of shear deformable isotropic nanobeams demonstrate the efficacy of the present theory.


Nonlocal beam theory Nanobeam First-order shear deformation beam theory Nonlocal elasticity theory of Eringen Flexure 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of Interest

Authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© The Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kedar S. Pakhare
    • 1
    Email author
  • P. J. Guruprasad
    • 1
  • Rameshchandra P. Shimpi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Aerospace EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology BombayMumbaiIndia

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