Characterization of the material-induced elastic–plastic deformations in ultra-precision diamond cutting

  • Wang Sujuan
  • Sun Hao
  • Ma Haojie
  • Xin Feng
  • Yin ZiqiangEmail author
Technical Paper


Ultra-precision cutting (UPC) technology can directly achieve freeform surfaces with form accuracy in sub-micrometer and surface finishing in nanometer, and the achieved surface quality affects the functionalities of the components. Different from the conventional machining process, the effects of workpiece material properties on surface generation in UPC are ignorable. The influences of plastic side flow and elastic recovery are very important for the surface quality in UPC, while few studies were found to evaluate the extent of the two phenomena. This paper makes theoretical and experimental studies on the factors affecting the side flow and recovery and proposed a method to characterize the extent of plastic side flow and recovery by studying the deviation of the groove radius in single ruling. Experiments are conducted to machine grooves with different cutting parameters on different workpiece materials. The experiment results agree well with the theoretical analyses and show that under the combined effect of side flow and recovery, the generated groove radius may be larger or smaller than the theoretical one. Moreover, the proposed method makes effective evaluation on extend of swelling and recovery in UPC.


Plastic side flow Elastic recovery Ultra-precision cutting (UPC) Micro-grooving Ruling 



The authors would like to express their sincere thanks to the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. U1601202, No. 51575520), Guangdong Provincial Natural Science Foundation (No. 2015A030312008) and Science and Technology Program of Guangzhou (No. 201804020040).


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Copyright information

© The Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Precision Electronic Manufacturing Technology and EquipmentGuangdong University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Micro-Nano Manufacturing Technology and Equipment, School of Electromechanical EngineeringGuangdong University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.School of Mechanical and Electrical EngineeringPingxiang UniversityPingxiangChina

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