The hysteretic curve characteristics on Q235 steel under asymmetrical cyclic loading

  • Qingling Zhang
  • Miao JinEmail author
  • Qun Li
  • Baofeng Guo
Technical Paper


Ratcheting and Bauschinger effect usually occur in the structures which are subjected to cyclic loading. It is necessary to research on the evolution rules of ratcheting and Bauschinger effect changed with cycle numbers and further to look into the influence on material mechanics property. In this work, asymmetrical stress-controlled cyclic loading tests on Q235 steel have been conducted to obtain variation trends of strains. Furthermore, the relationships between ratcheting and loading conditions, Bauschinger effect and loading conditions are analyzed, respectively. The results indicate that Q235 steel shows cyclic softening characteristic ultimately during the tests. Ratcheting occurs when stress peak of applied loading is larger than lower yield stresses, and the initial cycle number of ratcheting is decided by the stress level of applied loading. No matter how the mean stress and the stress amplitude changed, the yield value of stress at the first loop is almost identical, and tensile yield stress is larger than compressive yield stress. It suggests that Q235 steel shows obvious Bauschinger effect under asymmetrical stress cyclic loading, and the influence of mean stress on Bauschinger effect is more significant than stress amplitude.


Bauschinger effect Cyclic softening Ratcheting Yield strength 



This work supported by Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51575474, 51475408).


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Copyright information

© The Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical EngineeringYanshan UniversityQinhuangdaoPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Advanced Forging and Stamping Technology and Science (Yanshan University)Ministry of Education of ChinaQinhuangdaoPeople’s Republic of China

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