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Materials used for sinking EDM electrodes: a review

  • Tiago Czelusniak
  • Camila Fernandes Higa
  • Ricardo Diego Torres
  • Carlos Augusto Henning Laurindo
  • José Mário Fernandes de Paiva Júnior
  • Armin Lohrengel
  • Fred Lacerda Amorim
Review
  • 27 Downloads

Abstract

Over the years, sinking electrical discharge machining has become one of the most important production technologies to manufacture very accurate three-dimensional complex components on any electrically conductive material. This article reports a literature review on the diversity of conventional and non-conventional materials that are used or have potential to be used as EDM electrodes. In addition, additive manufacturing of EDM electrodes are also reviewed.

Keywords

Sinking electrical discharge machining EDM electrodes Materials for electrodes Additive manufacturing 

List of symbols

îe

Discharge current (A)

t0

Pulse interval time (μs)

pin

Dielectric inlet pressure (Pa)

td

Ignition delay time (μs)

te

Discharge duration (μs)

ti

Pulse duration (μs)

tp

Pulse cycle time (μs)

ue

Discharge voltage (V)

ûi

Open-circuit voltage (V)

Ve

Electrode wear rate (mm3/min)

Vw

Material removal rate (mm3/min)

We

Discharge energy (J)

Abbreviations

EDM

Electrical discharge machining

MRR

Material removal rate

TWR

Tool wear rate

ADI

Austempered ductile iron

VWR

Volumetric wear ratio

AM

Additive manufacturing

RP

Rapid prototyping

RT

Rapid tooling

RM

Rapid manufacturing

SL

Stereolithography

SLS

Selective laser sintering

SLM

Selective laser melting

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Copyright information

© The Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tiago Czelusniak
    • 1
  • Camila Fernandes Higa
    • 1
  • Ricardo Diego Torres
    • 1
  • Carlos Augusto Henning Laurindo
    • 1
  • José Mário Fernandes de Paiva Júnior
    • 2
  • Armin Lohrengel
    • 3
  • Fred Lacerda Amorim
    • 1
  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering Graduate Program – PPGEMPontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná – PUCPRCuritibaBrazil
  2. 2.McMaster Manufacturing Research InstituteMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  3. 3.IMW- Fritz-Süchting-Institut für MaschinenwesenTechnische Universität Clausthal – TUClausthalClausthal-ZellerfeldGermany

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