Activation energy and chemical reaction in Maxwell magneto-nanoliquid with passive control of nanoparticle volume fraction

  • G. K. Ramesh
  • S. A. ShehzadEmail author
  • T. Hayat
  • A. Alsaedi
Technical Paper


Two-dimensional flow of Maxwell magneto-nanoliquid by stretching surface is investigated. Convective boundary conditions and passive control of nanoparticles volume fraction are used for the analysis of thermal and concentration boundary layers. Flow analysis is created by considering Buongiorno model. Influences of activation energy and chemical reaction are useful application in lubrication practice, oil and water emulsions; therefore, we retained these effects. The differential framework is illustrated numerically via spectral relaxation method. Part of critical parameters on flow fields and additionally on the skin fiction factor and energy and mass transportation rates are resolved and discussed.


Activation energy Chemical reaction Maxwell nanoliquid Convective condition Spectral relaxation method 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© The Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. K. Ramesh
    • 1
  • S. A. Shehzad
    • 2
    Email author
  • T. Hayat
    • 3
    • 4
  • A. Alsaedi
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsK.L.E’S J.T. CollegeGadagIndia
  2. 2.Department of MathematicsCOMSATS University IslamabadSahiwalPakistan
  3. 3.Department of MathematicsQuaid-I-Azam UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  4. 4.NAAM Research Group, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of ScienceKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia

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