Modeling of unsteady non-Newtonian blood flow through a stenosed artery: with nanoparticles

  • A. ZamanEmail author
  • Ambreen Afsar Khan
  • N. Ali
Technical Paper


Literature survey related to the nanoparticles reveals that nanofluids are getting popularity in hematological treatment. Development in this direction motivated us to write a theoretical study on unsteady blood motion in stenosed vessel with nanoparticles. Geometry of a stenosed arterial section is being written mathematically by an appropriate geometric expression. The constitutive equation of Carreau fluid model is used to characterize the dynamical behavior of the blood. The rheology of the blood is formulated mathematically by coupled partial differential equations. Similarly, the effects of nanoparticles are incorporated mathematically into governing equations by using Buonjiornio’s formulation. Mild stenotic condition is employed to reduce the two-dimensional differential equations to simple form. Numerical technique is being used to obtain the numerical solution to the existing problem. The obtained simulation reveals that the magnitude of velocity shows an accelerating behavior for Brownian motion parameter and shows deceleration trend on increasing the thermophoresis parameter. Similarly, the instantaneous behavior of blood flow pattern is shown through streamlines.


Unsteady hemodynamics Blood Carreau non-Newtonian fluid Nanoparticle Explicit finite differences Thermophoresis 


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Copyright information

© The Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Informatics Complex, H-8IslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Mathematics and StatisticsInternational Islamic UniversityIslamabadPakistan

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