Current Addiction Reports

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 21–33 | Cite as

The Relationship Between Dissociative Experiences and Cannabis Use: a Systematic Review

  • Lucia SideliEmail author
  • Marta Di Forti
  • Laura Ferraro
  • Simonetta Montana
  • Giada Tripoli
  • Diego Quattrone
  • Marco Colizzi
  • Daniele La Barbera
  • Caterina La Cascia
Dissociation and Addictive Behaviors (J Billieux and A Schimmenti, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Dissociation and Addictive Behaviors


Purpose of Review

This systematic review aimed to investigate the relation between cannabis use and dissociation.

Recent Findings

Four analytical and 14 descriptive cross-sectional studies were included. There is no variation in the rates of cannabis use among individuals with dissociative experiences compared with the general population. In addition, the prevalence of dissociative disorders in subjects using cannabis is not different from those not using cannabis. The majority of the studies employed inadequate sampling procedures and a concurrent or retrospective assessment of the two variables, which might have increased the risk of bias, and only a few of them controlled for potential confounders.


The limited number of eligible studies, combined with the heterogeneity of study design and methodological limitations, do not support the association between cannabis and dissociative experiences and prevent from any inference about the direction of causality.


Cannabis Marijuana Dissociation Depersonalization Out-of-body experiences Dissociative experience scale 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lucia Sideli
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Marta Di Forti
    • 1
    • 3
  • Laura Ferraro
    • 1
  • Simonetta Montana
    • 1
  • Giada Tripoli
    • 2
  • Diego Quattrone
    • 3
  • Marco Colizzi
    • 2
  • Daniele La Barbera
    • 1
  • Caterina La Cascia
    • 1
  1. 1.Section of Psychiatry, Department of Experimental Biomedicine and Clinical NeuroscienceUniversity of PalermoPalermoItaly
  2. 2.Department of Psychosis Studies, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and NeuroscienceKing’s College LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and NeuroscienceKing’s College LondonLondonUK

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