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Current Addiction Reports

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 210–217 | Cite as

Association of Exercise with Control of Eating and Energy Intake

  • Clemens DrenowatzEmail author
  • Maria do Carmo Greier
  • Klaus Greier
Food Addiction (A Meule, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Food Addiction

Abstract

Purpose of Review

This narrative review examines the association of acute and chronic exercise with control of eating and energy intake, which could provide important insights for interventions targeting weight loss and weight management.

Recent Findings

Despite considerable variability in study results, acute exercise is generally associated with a decline in appetite. This effect, however, is short-lived, and changes in 24-h energy intake in response to exercise have been limited. Chronic exercise may induce some compensatory increase in energy intake due to an increase in hunger. Nevertheless, higher activity levels have been associated with a better regulation of energy intake.

Summary

The better coupling of energy intake and energy expenditure with exercise indicates beneficial effects of exercise in weight management. In order to enhance the efficacy of exercise-based strategies targeting weight loss, additional research—particularly on differential effects of various exercise modes and individual traits that characterize participants at increased risk for compensatory energy intake—is warranted.

Keywords

Training Physical activity Energy balance Appetite Diet Food hedonics 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Clemens Drenowatz
    • 1
    Email author
  • Maria do Carmo Greier
    • 2
  • Klaus Greier
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Division of Physical EducationUniversity of Education Upper AustriaLinzAustria
  2. 2.Lisbon School of MedicineUniversity of LisbonLisbonPortugal
  3. 3.Division of Physical EducationPrivate University of Education (KPH-ES)StamsAustria
  4. 4.Department of Sport ScienceLeopold-Franzens-University InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria

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